Simple steps to keep your online data safe
There are a few simple things you can do to protect your identity and personal
information online. Following these steps can also help you protect your tax return and
refund in 2018:
• Shop at familiar online retailers. Generally, sites with an “s” in “https” at the start
of the URL are secure. You can also look for the “lock” icon in your browser’s
URL bar. That said, some criminals may get a security certificate, so the “s” may
not always mean a site is legitimate.
• Avoid unprotected Wi-Fi. Users should not do online financial transactions when
using unprotected public Wi-Fi. Unprotected public Wi-Fi hotspots may allow
thieves to view transactions.
• Learn to recognize and avoid phishing emails that pose as a trusted source.
These emails can come from a source that looks like a legitimate bank or even
the IRS. These emails may include a link that will take you to a fake website.
From there, the thieves can steal your username and password.
• Keep a clean machine. This includes computers, phones and tablets. You should
install security software to protect against malware that may steal data. This
software also protects against viruses that may damage files.
• Use passwords that are strong, long and unique. Experts suggest a minimum of
10 characters. Use a combination of letters, numbers and special characters.
Use a different password for each account.
• Use multi-factor authentication when available. Some financial institutions, email
providers and social media sites allow you to set your account for multi-factor
authentication. This means you may need a security code, usually sent as a text
to your mobile phone, in addition to a username and password.
• Sign up for account alerts. Some financial institutions send email or text alerts to
an account holder when there is a withdrawal or change to their accounts.
Generally, you can check your account profile to see what added protections
may be available.
• Encrypt sensitive data and protect it with a password. This includes financial
records, tax returns or any personal information on your computer. You should
also back up important data to an external source. When disposing of a
computer, mobile phone or tablet, make sure you wipe the hard drive of all
information before trashing.
For more information, visit Taxes.Security.Together on IRS.gov.